КУЛЬТУРНЫЕ КОДЫ АКМЕИЗМА И ТВОРЧЕСТВО АННЫ АХМАТОВОЙ

Natalia Poltavtseva

Анотація


In this article the philosophy of culture, poetics and cultural codes of one of the most influential literary and esthetic currents of the Silver century – acmeism are considered. In the situation of cultural uncertainty and change of cultural paradigms the acmeism as one of the first “nonclassical” currents of the Russian poetry cardinally reconsiders as the basic function of the poet – the author of the akmeist’s text, and a very tectonics of the text, and also hierarchy of cultural “patterns” and the principles of creation of cultural codes of acmeism.

These problems are investigated on a representative example of the poetry of Anna Akhmatova. In the works of the poet are identified and analyzed such cultural motives, as an appeal to “eternal images” of culture, which become not so much cultural samples, as the material for the double cultural symbolization. Great attention is also paid to the ratio of the sublimely poetic with routine as modifications relevant to the present day problems of the relationship of the sacred and the mundane. The result affirms the position that so-called realism of the poet is in reality the new neoclassic, which employs different creative and poetic strategy than in the previous classical paradigms.

Work hypothesis: polemic with symbolism was a part of more general task – radical refusal of old “romantic” philosophy of culture and of classical metaphysics in favor of phenomenology and the world of daily occurrence.

Ключові слова


Silver age; acmeism; symbolism; cultural codes; tradition; patterns; “the vital world”; Anna Achmatova

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